This article, by New Mexico State Historian Robert J. Torrez, appeared in the
Official New Mexico Blue Book, Cuarto Centennial Edition, 1598-1998. It has been
reprinted here with permission of the author. The New Mexico Blue Book is free,
published by the Office of the New Mexico Secretary of State, and may be ordered
by calling 1-800-477-3632.
For a detailed account of the founding of New Mexico, we recommend The Last
Conquistador: Don Juan de Oñate and the Settling of the Far Southwest,
by Marc Simmons, University of Oklahoma Press.